How To Make Baby Formula Properly

Photo by Lisa Fotios:

Whether you’re about to become a parent for the first time or just want to brush up on your baby formula knowledge, there are a couple of things that you need to know and understand about making baby formula.

In theory, the process of buying and then preparing formula milk is a relatively simple task. Yet if you’ve never made baby formula before or it’s late at night when everything is a lot more challenging, you may be feeling a bit lost with how to make baby formula properly.

Fortunately, there are only a couple of basic steps you need to follow to successfully make baby formula. We have listed these below at your convenience.

Check The Expiry Date

Before you make up the formula, make sure that you check the expiry date. If you opt for powdered formula, make sure to check whether there is an expiry date on the formula tin. Get rid of any opened formula after a month has passed so that your baby isn’t consuming out-of-date food.

If you have more formula than you know what to do with, you can visit Sell Formula to sell your additional formula. This means it won’t go to waste!

Wash Your Hands And Read Instructions

Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, and then dry your hands well. Make sure the area you will be preparing the bottle in is also clean. Once this has been done, you can then read all of the instructions on the formula container. These will show you the exact ratio of baby formula and water to use.

Measure The Water

You can give your baby room temperature or cold formula if need be. However, we’d always recommend using water over 70 degrees Celcius so that any bacteria in the formula milk are killed off.

You can do this by boiling a kettle or heating water up and then leaving it to cool for a maximum of 30 minutes. Pour the ideal amount of now-cooled, boiled water into a sterilized bottle and prepare to add the formula.

Measure Out The Formula

Using the measuring equipment that comes with the formula container, measure the right number of scoops into the bottle and make sure to level each scoop. This can be done with a sterilized knife or another similar tool. You might want to follow the below guidelines:

Ready-To-Use Formula

  • Pour a considerable amount of formula for one feeding into a clean baby bottle.
  • Only use the formula and make sure that you don’t add any extra water or liquid into the bottle.
  • Attach the teat (the ‘nipple’) to the bottle and then add them to the bottle.

Liquid-Concentrate Formula

  • Pour in the correct amount of water needed into a clean and sterilized bottle.
  • Add the necessary amount of formula to the bottle.
  • Attach the teat (the ‘nipple’) and then the cap to your baby’s bottle and shake it well to make sure everything mixes.

Powdered Formula

  • Work out the amount of formula you want to prepare for your baby. Follow all instructions that are on the package.
  • Measure out the correct amount of water needed to make the baby formula and then add it to a clean baby bottle.
  • Use the scoop included in the formula container to scoop out the powdered formula. Add the correct number of scoops into the bottle.
  • Attach the teat (or ‘nipple’) and cap to the baby bottle and shake well.

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Seal The Bottle

Seal the bottle with a cap and a ring. Make sure to gently tap the bottle on the bench so that the powder mixes with the water properly. You should then shake the bottle vigorously to make sure the powder mixes. You should then take the cap off and replace it with a nipple for the baby to easily consume the formula.

Check The Temperature

Test out the temperature by putting a couple of drops on the back of your hand. The formula should be lukewarm – not cold and not hot. 

Most importantly, you must be sure never to be tempted to heat the bottle in a microwave to speed things along. This will destroy all of the nutrients in the baby formula and may also create hot spots that could end up burning your baby!

Once the temperature is cooled, you can serve the formula to your baby.


And that’s all there is to making baby formula properly! If you’re unsure whether a bottle or a container of the formula is safe or not, throw it out immediately. 


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